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How well do you know about tea? How many types are there and how are they different from each and other? If you don’t have the answers for any of these questions, don’t worry because we’ve round up the types of tea that will help you choose the best one for your taste buds.
All tea comes from the Camellia sinensis plant, an evergreen shrub that may grow up to sixty feet in the wild. When cultivated for harvest, tea bushes are kept to a height of about three feet.
There are over 3000 varieties of tea, each with its own specific characteristics. The naming and growing of tea are in many ways similar to wine. Just as Bordeaux wine is named after the Bordeaux region in France and Champagne can only be produced in the province of Champagne, many teas are also named after the area they are grown in. For example, Assam tea is named after the Assam region in India and Yunnan tea is named after the Chinese province. Like wine, where the tea is grown, the climate, soil conditions and how the tea is processed will altogether determine its flavour characteristics.
While there are literally thousands of teas in the world, as a subject of classification tea can be broken down into six main types: black, green, oolong, white, Pu-erh and yellow.
#1: Black Tea

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Whittard: WC Tin Darjeeling
Black tea is withered, fully oxidized and dried. Black tea commonly yields a hearty, amber-coloured brew. Some of the most popular types of black teas are bold breakfast teas (e.g., English Breakfast, Irish Breakfast) and Darjeeling.
#2: Green Tea

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Shojikiya: Daisho Green Tea Bags
Green tea production endeavours to avoid the oxidation of the tea leaves, in order to retain its natural green colour and fresh flavour. In Japan, the leaves are steamed, while other countries will pan-fire or dry it through other methods. This type of tea has a more delicate flavour than black tea and often brews up pale green or golden in colour.
#3: Oolong Tea

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Whittard: LSE Formosa Jade Oolong
Oolong tea is produced mainly in China and Taiwan and is only partially oxidized. This type of tea can range from tasting similar to a fresh green tea, The flavour can vary widely, depending on where the tea leaves are grown and how the tea is made.
#4: White Tea

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Purple Cane: Shou Mei White Tea Fujian
Originally from China, white tea is simply withered and dried, causing a very light oxidation. Its flavour is most similar to that of green tea, but is usually more creamy, soft and sweet.
#5: Pu-erh Tea

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Purple Cane: Imperial Puer Yunnan
 Pu-erh (also spelled pu'er) comes exclusively from China and is famous for its distinctively earthy flavor. Pu-erh is tea that has been fermented, often stored underground for several years. Traditionally, pu-erh is compressed into round cakes and can be very expensive.
#6: Yellow Tea

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Whittard: LSE Yellow Sun
Yellow tea is the rarest type of tea. It is similarly processed to green tea, but is more slowly dried to make the leaves take on a yellow color. The taste of the tea is mild, often described as being somewhere between white and green tea.
#7: Herbal Tea

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Purple Cane: Baby Chrysanthemum Herbal Tea Hangzhou
Herbal tea is simply the combination of boiling water and botanicals like fruits, flowers, barks, herbs, mints, spices, roots, berries and seeds.

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